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Guatemala City

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Guatemala City, in full La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, is the capital of Guatemala and the largest city in the Republic. Population estimates for Guatemala City range from 1 million to over 2 and a half million people. The city is located in a mountain valley in the south central part of the country; this can sometimes cause air polution to stay concentrated in the city.

History

Within the confines of modern Guatemala City is the ancient Maya city of Kaminaljuyu[?]. Kaminaljuyu dates back some 2,000 years, and is known to have traded with distant Teotihuacan in central Mexico. The center of Kaminaljuyu was located a short distance from the older part of Guatemala City, and in the late 20th century the city grew around the ruins (and in some cases over some of the outlying ruins before they were protected). The central ceremonial center of Kaminaljuyu is now a park within the city of Guatemala.

In Spanish colonial times this was a small town with a monastery called El Carmen, founded in 1620. The capital of Spanish colonial Central America was moved here from the old capital Antigua Guatemala in 1775, and resulted in a great expansion of the city.

Features of the City

Guatemala City is the economic, governmental, and cultural capital of the Republic, as well as the greatest metropolis in all of Central America. The city has in addition to a wide varietiety of restaurants, hotels, and shops, some 30 galleries and museums (including some fine collections of Pre-Columbian art). There are 5 Universities, including Universidad de San Carlos, the third oldest university in the New World.


National Palace

National Post Office Building



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