Encyclopedia > Guangzhou

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Guangzhou (廣州 or 广州 pinyin guang3 zhou1) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. It was formerly known as Canton (named after the province).

The Chinese abbreviation of Guangzhou is Yue (粵 or 粤 yue4), like Guangdong Province. It is located at 112°57'E to 114°3'E and 22°26'N to 23°56'N. According to 1999 data, the population of the city was 6.85 million, urban population was 4.05 million.

Guangzhou was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanjing (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between Britain and China. The other ports were Fuzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo and Shanghai.

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