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Group delay

In telecommunication, the term group delay has the following meanings:

1. The rate of change of the total phase shift with respect to angular frequency, d θ/d ω, through a device or transmission medium, where θ is the total phase shift, and ω is the angular frequency equal to 2πf , where f is the frequency.

2. In an optical fiber, the transit time required for optical power, traveling at a given mode's group velocity, to travel a given distance.

Note: For optical fiber dispersion measurement purposes, the quantity of interest is group delay per unit length, which is the reciprocal of the group velocity of a particular mode. The measured group delay of a signal through an optical fiber exhibits a wavelength dependence due to the various dispersion mechanisms present in the fiber.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C

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