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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is the name given to a style of architecture particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches constructed throughout Europe during the late medieval period, from the 12th to 15th century. The style itself originated at the abbey church of Saint-Denis in Paris, where it exemplified the vision of Abbot Suger. The first truly Gothic construction was the choir of the church, consecrated in 1144. The style was adopted first by the English, and spread throughout France and parts of Germany and also Northern Italy.

The style is exemplified by an emphasis of verticality and features almost skeletal structures, sharply pointed spires, flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, pointed arches and gargoyles. These features are all the consequence of the main goal of gothic architecture: a focus on large stain glass windows. This allowed more light to enter the Cathedral then was possible with older styles, however it required tall cielings and flying butresses.

The Gothic style was imitated in Europe and the United States in new construction centuries after the Middle Ages. This movement is known as Gothic revival[?] (sometimes Victorian Gothic[?] or Neo Gothic). The Houses of Parliament in London were an example of this, designed by the exponent of the Gothic Revival, Augustus Pugin. Another example is the main building of the University of Glasgow designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott.

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