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Giza (also sometimes rendered in English as Gizeh, Ghizeh and Geezeh) is a town in Egypt on the left bank of the Nile river, across from the old city of Cairo, and now part of the greater Cairo metropolis.

Giza is most famous as the location of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, a complex of Ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphynx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples.

The most active phase of construction here was in the 25th century BC. These monuments are located some 5 miles inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile.

The Ancient remains of Giza have attracted visitors and tourists since Classical Antiquity, when these Egyptian Old Kingdom monuments were already over 2,000 years old.

The Great Pyramids19th Century tourists in front of the Great Sphynx

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