Encyclopedia > Geography of Anguilla

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Geography of Anguilla

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean


  • total: 91 sq km
  • land: 91 sq km
  • water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: about half the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 61 km

Maritime claims:

  • exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
  • territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical moderated by northeast trade winds[?]

Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation extremes:

  • lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
  • highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m

Natural resources: salt, fish, lobster

Land use:

  • arable land: 0%
  • permanent crops: 0%
  • permanent pastures: 0%
  • forests and woodland: 0%
  • other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds)

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)

Environment - current issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system.

See also : Anguilla

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