Encyclopedia > Frame

  Article Content

Frame

For information on bike frame, see below

In telecommunication, the term frame has the following meanings:

1. In data transmission, the sequence of contiguous bits delimited by, and including, beginning and ending flag sequences.

Note 1: A frame usually includes an information field[?], and usually consists of a specified number of bits between flags and contains an address field[?], a control field[?], a frame check sequence, and flags.

Note 2: Frames usually consist of a representation of the original data to be transmitted, together with other bits which may be used for error detection or control. Additional bits may be used for routing, synchronization, or overhead information not directly associated with the original data.

2. In the multiplex structure of pulse-code modulation (PCM) systems, a set of consecutive time slots in which the position of each digit can be identified by reference to a frame-alignment[?] signal.

Note: The frame-alignment signal[?] does not necessarily occur, in whole or in part, in each frame.

3. In a time-division multiplexing (TDM) system, a repetitive group of signals resulting from a single sampling of all channels, including any required system information, such as additional synchronizing signals.

Note: "In-frame" is the condition that exists when there is a channel-to-channel and bit-to-bit correspondence, exclusive of transmission errors, between all inputs of a time-division multiplexer and the output of its associated demultiplexer.

4. In ISDN, a block of variable length, labeled at the Data Link Layer of the Open Systems Interconnection--Reference Model.

5. In video display, the set of all picture elements that represent one complete image.

Note: In NTSC and other television standards used throughout the world, a frame consists of two interlaced fields, each of which has half the number of scanning lines, and consequently, half the number of pixels, of one frame.

6. In video display, one complete scanned image from a series of video images.

Note: A video frame is usually composed of two interlaced fields.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188

7. In web browser: see HTML tag.

Construction Frame An underlying rigid framework upon which all major components are hung is a standard feature of many manmade articles. Examples of this include bicycles, trucks, and buildings.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
TLAs from YAA to ZZZ

... YIP[?] YIQ[?] YIR[?] YIS[?] YIT[?] YIU[?] YIV[?] YIW[?] YIX[?] YIY[?] YIZ[?] YJA[?] YJB[?] YJC[?] YJD[?] YJE[?] YJF[?] YJG[?] YJH[?] YJI[?] YJJ[?] YJK[?] YJL ...