Encyclopedia > Fagaceae

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Fagaceae (Beech family)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
  Fagus (the beeches)
  Castanea (the chestnuts)
  Quercus (the oaks)
  Lithocarpus[?] (the tanbarks)
The family Fagaceae, or beech family, is characterized by alternate, entire leaves with pinnate venation, flowers in the form of catkins[?], and fruit in the form of nuts, either one or two in a scale or spiny husk that may or may not enclose the nut. The best-known group of this family is the oaks, genus Quercus, the fruit of which is called an acorn. The husk of the acorn in most oaks only forms a cap on the nut.

This family is closely allied with the Betulaceae, the birch family.

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