Encyclopedia > Eye

  Article Content


This article refers to the sight organ. For other usages of the word "eye", see Eye (disambiguation).
(See also vision.)

Image of a human eye. Note that not all eyes have the same anatomy as a human eye.

Light from a distant object and light from a near object being brought to a focus

An eye is an organ capable of detecting light. The simplest eyes simply detect whether the surroundings are light or dark. Compound eyes are found among the arthropods (insects and kin), and are composed of many simple facets which give a pixelated image (not multiple images as is often believed). In most vertebrates and some mollusks the eye works by projecting images onto a light-sensitive retina, where the light is detected and transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve. The eye is typically roughly spherical, filled with a transparent gel-like substance, with a focusing lens and often a muscle called the iris that controls how much light enters.

Focusing In order for light rays to be brought to a focus they must be refracted. The amount of refraction required depends on the distance of the object which is being viewed. A distant object will require less bending of light than a nearer one. Most of the refraction occurs at the cornea[?] which has a fixed curvature. The remainder of the required refraction occurs at the lens. The lens can be pulled flatter or rounder by muscles, which adjust the power of the lens.

==Parts of the eye==:


See also:

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... first to have the title of "Tyrant" was Pisistratus in 560 BC. In modern times Tyrant has come to mean a dictator who rules with cruelty. Bullying is a form ...

This page was created in 50.9 ms