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Ennio Morricone

Ennio Morricone (November 10, 1928 - ) is an Italian composer, especially noted for his film scores. He has composed the scores of more than 400 films, only 30 of them Westerns. It is, however, for his Westerns that he is best known, and his sparse style of composition for this genre is exemplified particularly by the soundtrack for Sergio Leone's classic The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.

He was born in Rome and was educated at the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia in the trumpet, composition and Choral music and Choral direction. He began writing music for films in 1955 but continued to work in classical composition and arrangement. In 1956 he married Maria Travia. In 1964 he began his famous collaboration with Sergio Leone and also Bernardo Bertolucci. For Leone he wrote the score for Per un Pugno di Dollari in 1965 and continued with a number of other Spaghetti Westerns. By 1968 he was reducing his work outside of film, in the same year he wrote twenty scores for films.

He received his first Nastro d'Argento in 1970 for music in Metti, una Sera a Cena and his second only a year later for Sacco and Vanzetti. He received his first nomination for an Academy Award in 1979 for the score to Days of Heaven and another in 1986 for The Mission, 1987 for The Untouchables and 2001 for Malena.

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