Encyclopedia > Dysentery

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Dysentery is a severe diarrheal illness often associated with blood in the feces.

It is caused by


The disease is often self-limited without antibiotic treatment. However treatment by antibiotics is usually recommended because:
  • The disease is relatively severe
  • It is transmitted by a small inoculum of organisms.
  • Can be transmitted by fomites.
  • It mainly persists in a human reservoir.
  • Treated with Norfloxacin, ampicillin or cotrimaxozole.

Amoebic dysentery

  • Often a travellers diarrhea but can occur in Western countries.
  • Transmitted by contaminated water
  • Can cause amoebic abscesses.
  • Treated with metronidazole or related azole drugs.

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