The Doric order
was one of the three orders or organizational systems
or classical architecture
; the other two orders were the Ionic
and the Corinthian
. The Doric order was the earliest of these, known from the 7th century BC and reaching its mature form in the 5th century.
Doric columns stood on the porch of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with parallel grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam they carried.
Early examples of the Doric order include the temples at Paestum[?], in southern Italy, a region settled by Greek colonists.
The Parthenon, the largest temple in classical Athens, is in the Doric order, although it has some Ionic elements.
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