The word is usually used to mean the difference between three justly tuned major thirds (tuned in the frequency ratio 5:4) and an octave (in the ratio 2:1), equal to 128:125 or about 41.06 cents.
The word diesis has also been used to describe a large number of intervals, of varying sizes, but typically around 50 cents. Philolaus used it to describe the interval now usually called a limma, that of a justly tuned perfect fourth (4:3) minus two whole tones (9:8), equal to 256:243, or around 90 cents. Other theorists have used it for various other intervals.
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