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Croton (present-day Crotone), in the "toe" of the Italian peninsula, was a Greek colony from c. 710 BC[?].

in Botany, Croton is a plant genus in the Euphorbiaceae family. Of about 40 species in this genus, the best known member is Croton tiglium, known by the common name Croton, a tree or shrub native to Southeast Asia. Croton oil, used in herbal medicine as a violent purgative, is extracted from its seeds.

The common name Croton also refers to Codiaeum variegatum, a common houseplant with large elliptical leaves that each range in color from green to red and yellow.

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