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Corpus Juris Civilis

The Corpus Juris Civilis (Corps of civil law) is a fundamental work in jurisprudence issued on 529-534 by order of Justinian I, byzantine emperor.

It is the basis of Latin jurisprudence (including ecclesiastical Canon law: ecclesia vivit lege romana) and a unique document about the life in Roman Empires at the time. It is a collection that gathers the many sources in which the leges (laws) and the other rules were expressed or published: proper laws, senatorial consults (senatusconsulta), imperial decrees, case law, and jurists' opinions and interpretations (responsa prudentum).

The Corpus represented a true juridical revolution, that organised Roman law in a form and in an organic scheme that pretty unaltered is still in use in some countries today (apart from obvious adaptings) such as Scotland.

The work was directed by Tribonian[?], a quaestor, and distributed in three parts: Digesto (or "Pandectae"), Institutiones, and the Codex.

Codex Justinianus

The Codex was the first part to be completed in April 7, 529.

It collects the roman imperial constitutiones mainly referring to those of the age of Hadrian, extracted by both the Codex Theodosianus and by private collections (among which the Codex Gregorianus and the Codex Hermogenianus). Due to the legal reforms by the same Justinian, this work needed to be updated, so a second edition of the Codex was issued in 534, after the Digesto.

Digesto

Also called Pandectae, the Digesto was issued in 533, and contained the works of great Roman jurists, notably Ulpian, and some other sources (i.e. edicts). Intended as a solution for controversies in case law, it also records the law of Justinian's time.

Institutiones

A sort of manual for jurisprudence students.


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