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Corporate state

The concept of the Corporate State developed under the context of Fascism in Mussolini's Italy as a means of regulating industrial relations[?]. The theory divided society into a limited number of corporations. This collectivism then functioned as a means of control and a channel for government intervention. Theoretical underpinning came from the medieval traditions of guilds and craft-based economics.

A similar ideal, but based on bottom-up individual moral renewal, inspired Salazar to work towards a corporate state or corporatism in Portugal.

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