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Contention

In telecommunication, the term contention has the following meanings:

1. A condition that arises when two or more data stations attempt to transmit at the same time over a shared channel, or when two data stations attempt to transmit at the same time in two-way alternate communication.

Note: A contention can occur in data communications when no station is designated a master station. In contention, each station must monitor the signals and wait for a quiescent condition before initiating a bid for master status.

2. Competition by users of a system for use of the same facility at the same time.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188



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