Encyclopedia > Compatibilism

  Article Content


Compatibilism, also known as "soft determinism" and most famously championed by Hume, is a theory which holds that free will and determinism are compatible. Properly understood, according to Hume, freedom is not an absolute ability to have chosen differently under exactly the same inner and outer circumstances. Rather, it is a hypothetical ability to have chosen differently if one had been differently psychologically disposed by some different beliefs or desires. Alternately, Hume maintains that free acts are not uncaused (or mysteriously self-caused as Kant would have it) but caused in the right way, i.e., by our choices as determined by our our beliefs and desires, by our characters.

See determinism. Contrast: hard determinism[?], libertarianism.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... Edwin Peary, (1856-1920), first man to reach the North Pole Auguste Piccard, (1884-1962), physicist and explorer Jacques Piccard[?], (born 1922), undersea ...

This page was created in 28.1 ms