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Duchy of Lancaster

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The Duchy of Lancaster is one of only two Duchies in the United Kingdom, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall[?].

The Duchy of Lancaster was created for John of Gaunt, a younger son of King Edward III of England. It is the private property of the crown, and has been since 1413, when the Dukedom of Lancaster, held by Henry of Monmouth, merged with the crown on his accession to the throne. The Duchy consists of lands in Northern England, especially in Lancashire. The chief officer of the Duchy is the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, a high position which is sometimes a cabinet post. Since, for at least the last two centuries, the Chancellor rarely has had any significant duties pertaining to management of the Duchy itself, he is usually available as a minister without portfolio[?].

Since the late eighteenth century, the monarch has given up their revenues for the Duchy to the state, in exchange for receiving a yearly civil list payment.

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1413-present

  • John Wodehouse[?] 1413-1431
  • Walter Shiryngton[?] 1431-1449
  • William Tresham[?] 1449-1450
  • Sir John Say[?] 1450-1471
  • Sir Richard Fowler 1471-1477
  • Sir John Say 1477-1478
  • Thomas Thwaites 1478-1483
  • Thomas Metcalfe 1483-1485
  • Sir Reynold Bray 1485-1503
  • Sir John Mordaunt 1504
  • Sir Richard Empson 1505-1509
  • Sir Henry Marny 1509-1523
  • Sir Richard Wingfield 1523-1525
  • Sir Thomas More 1525-1529
  • Sir William Fitzwilliam, 1st Earl of Southampton (1537) 1529-1542
  • Sir John Gage 1542-1547
  • Sir William Paget, 1st Lord Paget (1549) 1547-1552
  • Sir JOhn Gates 1552-1553
  • Sir Robert Rochester 1553-1557
  • Sir Edward Waldegrave 1558-1559
  • Sir Ambrose Cave 1559-1568
  • Sir Ralph Sadler 1568-1587
  • Sir Francis Walsingham 1587-1590
  • Sir Thomas Heneage 1590-1595
  • in commission 1595-1597
  • Sir Robert Cecil 1597-1599
  • in commission 1599-1601
  • Sir John Fortescue 1601
  • in commission 1601
  • Sir John Fortescue 16601-1607
  • Sir Thomas Parry 1607-1616
  • Sir John Dacombe 1616-1618
  • in commission 1618
  • Sir Humphrey May 1618-1629
  • Edward Barrett, 1st Lord Barrett of Newburgh 1629-1644
  • Francis, Lord Seymour (for the king) 1644-1645
  • William, 1st Lord Grey of Warke and William Lenthall (for parliament) 1645-1648
  • Sir Gilbert Gerrard 1648-1649
  • [[John Bradshaw 1649-1653
  • John Bradshaw]] and Thomas Fell (commissioners) 1653-1654
  • Thomas Fell 1654-1658
  • John Bradshaw 1658-1660
  • William Lenthall 1660
  • Sir Gilbert Gerrard 1660
  • Francis Seymour, 1st Lord Seymour of Trowbridge 1660-1664
  • Sir Thomas Ingram 1664-1672
  • Sir Robert Carr 1672-1682
  • Sir Thomas Chicheley 1682-1687
  • in commission 1687
  • Robert Phelipps 1687-1689
  • Robert Bertie, Lord Willoughby of Eresby 1689-1697
  • Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl Stamford 1697-1702
  • Sir John Leveson-Gower, 1st Lord Gower of Stittenham (1703) 1702-1706
  • James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby 1706-1710
  • William Berkeley, 4th Lord Berkeley of Stratton 1710-1714
  • Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Aylesford 1714-1716
  • Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarborough 1716-1717
  • Nicolas Lechmere, 1st Lord Lechmere 1721-1727
  • John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland 1727-1736
  • George Cholmondeley, 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley 1736-1743
  • Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Lord Edgcumbe of Mount Edgcumbe 1743-1758
  • Thomas Hay, Viscount Dupplin, 9th Earl of Kinnoull (1758) 1758-1762
  • James Stanley, Lord Strange 1762-1771
  • Thomas Villiers, 1st Lord Hyde of Hindon, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1776) 1771-1782
  • John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton 1782-1783
  • Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby 1783
  • Thomas Viers, 1st Earl of Clarendon 1783-1786
  • Charles Jenkinson, 1st Lord Hawkesbury[?], 1st Earl of Liverpool (1796) 1786-1803
  • Thomas Pelham, Lord Pelham 1803-1804
  • Henry Phipps, 1st Lord Mulgrave 1804-1805
  • Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire 1805
  • Dudley Ryder, 2nd Lord Harrowby 1805-1806
  • Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby 1806-1807
  • Spencer Perceval 1807-1812
  • Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire 1812
  • Charles Bathurst 1812-1823
  • Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley 1823-1828
  • George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen 1828
  • Charles Arbuthnot 1828-1830
  • Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Lord Holland[?] 1830-1834
  • Charles Watkins Williams Wynn 1834-1835
  • Henry Richard Fox, 3rd Lord Holland[?] 1835-1840
  • George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon 1840-1841
  • Sir George Grey 1841
  • Lord Granville Charles Henry Somerset 1841-1846
  • John Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell 1846-1850
  • George William Frederick Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle 1850-1852
  • Robert Adam Christopher 1852
  • Edward Strutt 1852-1854
  • Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville 1854-1855
  • Dudley Ryder, 2nd Earl of Harrowby 1855
  • Matthew Talbot Baines 1855-1858
  • James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose 1858-1859
  • Sir George Grey 1859-1861
  • Edward Cardwell[?] 1861-1864
  • George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon 1864-1866
  • George Joachim Goschen 1866
  • William Reginald Courtenay, 21st Earl of Devon 1866-1867
  • John Wilson-Patten 1867-1868
  • Thomas Edward Taylor 1868
  • Frederick Temple Blackwood, 5th Lord Dufferin, 1st Earl of Dufferin (1871) 1868-1872
  • Hugh Culling Eardley Childers 1872-1873
  • John Bright 1873-1874
  • Thomas Edward Taylor 1874-1880
  • John Bright 1880-1882
  • John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley 1882
  • John George Dodson 1882-1884
  • George Otto Trevelyan 1884-1885
  • Henry Chaplin 1885-1886
  • Edward Heneage 1886
  • Sir Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth 1886
  • Gathorne Hardy, 1st Viscount Cranbrook 1886
  • Lord John Manners 1886-1892
  • James Bryce[?] 1892-1894
  • Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Lord Tweedmouth 1894-1895
  • Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross 1895
  • Sir Henry James, 1st Lord James of Hereford (1895) 1895-1902
  • Sir William Hood Walrond 1902-1905
  • Sir Henry Hartley Fowler 1905-1908
  • Edmund George Petty FitzMaurice, 1st Lord FitzMaurce 1908-1909
  • Herbert Samuel[?] 1909-1910
  • Joseph Albert Pease 1910-1911
  • Charles Edward Henry Hobhouse 1911-1914
  • Charles Frederick Gurney Masterman 1914-1915
  • Edwin Samuel Montagu 1915
  • Winston Churchill 1915
  • Herbert Samuel[?] 1915-1916
  • Edwin Samuel Montagu 1916
  • Thomas McKinnon Wood 1916
  • Sir Frederick Cawley 1916-1918
  • William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Lord Beaverbrook 1918
  • William Hayes Fisher, 1st Lord Downham 1918-1919
  • David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford and 10th Earl of Balcarres 1919-1921
  • William Robert Wellesley, 1st Viscount Peel 1921-1922
  • Sir William Sutherland 1922
  • James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury[?] 1922-1923
  • John Colin Campbell Davidson 1923-1924
  • Josiah Clement Wedgwood 1924
  • Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelmwood 1924-1927
  • Ronald John McNeill, 1st Lord Cushendun 1927-1929
  • Sir Oswald Mosley 1929-1930
  • Clement Attlee 1930-1931
  • Arthur Augustus William Harry, 1st Lord Ponsonby of Shulbrede 1931
  • Philip Henry Kerry, 11th Marquess of Lothian 1931
  • John Colin Campbell Davidson 1931-1937
  • Edward Turnour, 6th Earl Winterton 1937-1939
  • William Shepherd Morrison 1939-1940
  • George Clement Tryon, 1st Lord Tryon 1940
  • Maurce Hankey[?], 1st Lord Hankey 1940-1941
  • Alfred Duff Cooper[?] 1941-1943
  • Ernest Brown 1943-1945
  • Sir James Arthur Salter 1945
  • John Burns Hynd 1945-1947
  • Francis Aungier Pakenham, 1st Lord Pakenham (later Frank Pakenham, Earl of Longford[?]) 1947-1948
  • Hugh Dalton[?] 1948-1950
  • Albert Victor Alexander, 1st Viscount Alexander of Hillsborough 1950-1951
  • Philip Cunliffe-Lister, 1st Viscount Swinton 1951-1952
  • Frederick James Marquis, 1st Lord Woolton, 1st Viscount Woolton (1953) 1952-1955
  • George Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earo f Selkirk 1955-1957
  • Charles Hill 1957-1961
  • Iain Macleod 1961-1963
  • John Hugh Hare, 1st Viscount Blakenham 1963-1964
  • Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton 1964-1966
  • George Morgan Thomson 1966-1967
  • Frederick Lee 1967-19969
  • George Morgan Thomson 1969-1970
  • Anthony Perrinott Lysberg Barber 1970
  • A,G.F. Rippon 1970-1972
  • J.E.H. Davis 1972-1974
  • Norman Harold Lever 1974-1979
  • Norman Arthur Francis St John Stevas 1979-1981
  • Francis Pym 1981
  • Janet Mary Young, Baroness Young 1981-1982
  • Cecil Edward Parkinson 1982-1983
  • Francis Arthur Cockfield, Lord Cockfield 1983-1984
  • Alexander Patrick Greysteil Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie 1984-1985
  • Norman Beresford Tebbit 1985-?
incomplete



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