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Cham (district)

Statistics
State:Bavaria
Adm. Region:Oberpfalz
Capital:Cham[?]
Area:1510 km²
Inhabitants:131,000 (2000)
pop. density:87 inh./km²
Car identification:CHA
Website:landkreis-cham.de (http://www.landkreis-cham.de/)
Map

Cham is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Regen[?], Straubing-Bogen[?], Regensburg[?] and Schwandorf[?] and by the Czech Republic.

Table of contents

History

The first historical date in the regional history is the year 748, when the bishop of Regensburg ordered the foundation of a monastery in the sparsely populated region. About hundred years later the royal castle of Cham was built and became a summer residence for the Holy Roman Emperors. The region was called Campriche or Mark Cham. In 1204 the Mark Cham became subject to Bavaria, in 1352 to the Palatinate and in the 17th century back to Bavaria.

Geography

The district is located in the northern parts of the Bavarian Forest. It is situated within the borders of the Upper Bavarian Forest Nature Park. The highest mountain is the Osser (1293 m), which is located on the Czech border. The Regen river enters the district in the southeast and leaves to the west; most of the settled places are situated along this river and its main tributary, the Chamb[?] coming from the Czech border.

Coat of arms

The upper part of the arms is occupied by the blue and white checkered pattern of Bavaria. Below the church of Chammünster is displayed (today belonging to the town of Cham), which was built in 748 within a famous monastery.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Cham[?]
  2. Furth[?]
  3. Kötzting[?]
  4. Roding[?]
  5. Rötz[?]
  6. Waldmünchen[?]
    Municipalities
  1. Arnschwang[?]
  2. Arrach[?]
  3. Blaibach[?]
  4. Chamerau[?]
  5. Eschlkam[?]
  6. Falkenstein[?]
  7. Gleißenberg[?]
  8. Grafenwiesen[?]
  9. Hohenwarth[?]
  10. Lam[?]
  11. Lohberg[?]
  12. Michelsneukirchen[?]
  13. Miltach[?]
  14. Neukirchen[?]
  15. Pemfling[?]
  16. Pösing[?]
  1. Reichenbach[?]
  2. Rettenbach[?]
  3. Rimbach[?]
  4. Runding[?]
  5. Schönthal[?]
  6. Schorndorf[?]
  7. Stamsried[?]
  8. Tiefenbach[?]
  9. Traitsching[?]
  10. Treffelstein[?]
  11. Waffenbrunn[?]
  12. Wald[?]
  13. Walderbach[?]
  14. Weiding[?]
  15. Willmering[?]
  16. Zandt[?]
  17. Zell[?]

External links

Official website (http://www.landkreis-cham.de) (German)



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