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Bunting (bird)

Buntings

American Tree Sparrow
Spizella arborea
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Emberizidae

Buntings are passerines of the family Emerizidae† .

They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill.

In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae.

Their habits are similar to those of finches, with which they sometimes used to be grouped. Some emberizids are still named as finches.

Many species have distinctive head patterns.

† This article follows the taxonomy of Buntings and Sparrows: A Guide to the Buntings and North American Sparrows by Byers, Olson and Curson. An alternative treatment massively expand the Emberizids to include tanagers, wood warblers and many other groups.

Species are:

Family: Emerizidae Genus Urocynchramus

  • Przevalski's Rosefinch, Urocynchramus pylzowi
Genus Melophus
  • Crested Bunting, Melophus lathami
Genus Latoucheornis
  • Slaty Bunting, Latoucheornis siemsseni
Genus Emberiza, typical buntings
  • Yellowhammer[?], Emberiza citrinella
  • Pine Bunting, Emberiza leucocephalos
  • Cirl Bunting[?], Emberiza cirlus
  • Tibetan Bunting, Emberiza koslowi
  • Rock Bunting, Emberiza cia
  • Godlewski's Bunting, Emberiza godlewskii
  • Meadow Bunting, Emberiza cioides
  • Rufous-backed Bunting, Emberiza jankowskii
  • Gray-hooded Bunting, Emberiza buchanani
  • Cinereous Bunting, Emberiza cineracea
  • Ortolan Bunting, Emberiza hortulana
  • Chestnut-breasted Bunting, Emberiza stewarti
  • Cretzschmar's Bunting, Emberiza caesia
  • House Bunting, Emberiza striolata
  • Lark-like Bunting, Emberiza impetuani
  • Cinnamon-breasted Bunting, Emberiza tahapisi
  • Socotra Bunting, Emberiza socotrana
  • Cape Bunting, Emberiza capensis
  • Ochre-rumped Bunting, Emberiza yessoensis
  • Tristram's Bunting, Emberiza tristrami
  • Chestnut-eared Bunting, Emberiza fucata
  • Little Bunting, Emberiza pusilla
  • Yellow-browed Bunting, Emberiza chrysophrys
  • Rustic Bunting, Emberiza rustica
  • Yellow-throated Bunting, Emberiza elegans
  • Yellow-breasted Bunting, Emberiza aureola
  • Golden-breasted Bunting, Emberiza flaviventris
  • Somali Bunting, Emberiza poliopleura
  • Brown-rumped Bunting, Emberiza affinis
  • Cabanis' Bunting, Emberiza cabanisi
  • Chestnut Bunting, Emberiza rutila
  • Black-headed Bunting, Emberiza melanocephala
  • Red-headed Bunting, Emberiza bruniceps
  • Yellow Bunting, Emberiza sulphurata
  • Black-faced Bunting, Emberiza spodocephala
  • Gray Bunting, Emberiza variabilis
  • Pallas' Bunting, Emberiza pallasi
  • Reed Bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus
Genus Milaria
  • Corn Bunting, Milaria calandra
Genus Arremon
  • Orange-billed Sparrow, Arremon aurantiirostris
  • Pectoral Sparrow, Arremon taciturnus
  • Half-collared Sparrow, Arremon semitorquatus
  • Golden-winged Sparrow, Arremon schlegeli
  • Black-capped Sparrow, Arremon abeillei
  • Saffron-billed Sparrow, Arremon flavirostris
  • Olive Sparrow, Arremonops rufivirgatus
  • Tocuyo Sparrow, Arremonops tocuyensis
  • Green-backed Sparrow, Arremonops chloronotus
  • Black-striped Sparrow, Arremonops conirostris
Genus Melozone
  • Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow, Melozone kieneri
  • Prevost's Ground-Sparrow, Melozone biarcuatum
  • White-eared Ground-Sparrow, Melozone leucotis
Genus Pipilo towhees
  • Green-tailed Towhee, Pipilo chlorurus
  • Collared Towhee, Pipilo ocai
  • Socorro Towhee, Pipilo socorroensis
  • Eastern Towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus
  • Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  • California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis
  • Canyon Towhee, Pipilo fuscus
  • Abert's Towhee, Pipilo aberti
  • White-throated Towhee, Pipilo albicollis
Genus Aimophila
  • Bridled Sparrow, Aimophila mystacalis
  • Black-chested Sparrow, Aimophila humeralis
  • Stripe-headed Sparrow, Aimophila ruficauda
  • Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow, Aimophila sumichrasti
  • Stripe-capped Sparrow, Aimophila strigiceps
  • Tumbes Sparrow, Aimophila stolzmanni
  • Bachman's Sparrow, Aimophila aestivalis
  • Botteri's Sparrow, Aimophila botterii
  • Cassin's Sparrow, Aimophila cassinii
  • Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila ruficeps
  • Rufous-winged Sparrow, Aimophila carpalis
  • Five-striped Sparrow, Aimophila quinquestriata
  • Oaxaca Sparrow, Aimophila notosticta
  • Rusty Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
Genus Oriturus
  • Striped Sparrow, Oriturus superciliosus
Genus Torreornis
  • Zapata Sparrow, Torreornis inexpectata
Genus Spizella
  • American Tree Sparrow, Spizella arborea
  • Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
  • Clay-colored Sparrow, Spizella pallida
  • Brewer's Sparrow, Spizella breweri
  • Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla
  • Worthen's Sparrow, Spizella wortheni
  • Black-chinned Sparrow, Spizella atrogularis
Genus Pooecetes
  • Vesper Sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus
Genus Chondestes
  • Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
Genus Amphispiza
  • Black-throated Sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata
  • Sage Sparrow, Amphispiza belli
Genus Calamospiza
  • Lark Bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys
Genus Passerculus
  • Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
Genus Ammodramus
  • Seaside Sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus
  • Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni
  • Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus
  • Le Conte's Sparrow, Ammodramus leconteii
  • Henslow's Sparrow, Ammodramus henslowii
  • Baird's Sparrow, Ammodramus bairdii
  • Grasshopper Sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum
  • Grassland Sparrow, Ammodramus humeralis
  • Yellow-browed Sparrow, Ammodramus aurifrons
Genus Passerella Genus Xenospiza
  • Sierra Madre Sparrow, Xenospiza baileyi
Genus Melospiza
  • Song Sparrow[?], Melospiza melodia
  • Lincoln's Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  • Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
Genus Zonotrichia
  • White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  • White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis
  • Harris' Sparrow, Zonotrichia querula
Genus Junco, juncos
  • Dark-eyed Junco[?], Junco hyemalis
  • Yellow-eyed Junco, Junco phaeonotus
  • Guadalupe Junco, Junco insularis
  • Volcano Junco, Junco vulcani
Genus Calcarius longspurs
  • McCown's Longspur, Calcarius mccownii
  • Lapland Longspur[?], Calcarius lapponicus
  • Smith's Longspur, Calcarius pictus
  • Chestnut-collared Longspur, Calcarius ornatus
Genus Plectrophenax snow buntings
  • Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis
  • McKay's Bunting, Plectrophenax hyperboreus

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