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Bryher (born 1894 - died 1983) was the pen name of Annie Winnifred Ellerman. She was born in September 1894 in Margate. She travelled in Europe as a child, to France, Italy and Egypt. At the age of fourteen she was enrolled in a traditional English boarding school.

During the 1920s, she was an unconventional figure in Paris, being acquainted or indeed intimate with Ernest Hemingway. James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, Sylvia Beach and Berenice Abbott[?].

Prior to and during World War II. she and Alice B. Toklas were instrumental in helping hundreds of mainly Jewish refugees ecape from the Nazis.

Although she had entered into a marrigae of convenience with the American author Robert McAlmon[?] in 1921, her real partner was the poet Hilda Doolittle (H.D.).

Her works include:

  • Gate to the Sea
  • The Player's Boy

External Links

  • The article Superior Guinea Pig: Bryher and Psychoanalysis by Maggie Magee, M.S.W. and Diana C. Miller, M.D. at http://laisps.org/GuineaP


  • Analyzing Freud: The Letters of H.D., Bryher, and Their Circle by Bryher, H.D., Susan Stanford Friedman (Editor) ISBN 0811214990

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