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Bit pairing

In telecommunication, bit pairing is the practice of establishing, within a code set[?], a number of subsets that have an identical bit representation except for the state of a specified bit.

Note: An example of bit pairing occurs in the International Alphabet No. 5 and the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), where the upper case letters are related to their respective lower case letters by the state of bit six.

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188

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