Encyclopedia > Berney Arms

  Article Content

Berney Arms

Berney Arms is a village on the River Yare close to Breydon Water in Norfolk, England, within The Broads National Park.

It takes its name from a local landowner, Thomas Trench Berney -- see below.

Berney Arms Reach is the name for the part of the Yare as it enters Breydon Water, and the small village of Berney Arms is situated on the north bank.

This small community can be reached either by rail (Berney Arms Station) or by water. There is no road connection, except by walking for 3 1/2 miles from Halvergate.

The main focus of the village is Berney Arms Mill, or, more correctly, Berney Arms windpump[?]. It is the tallest windmill in Norfolk, a Scheduled Ancient Monument and in the care of English Heritage.

The mill is 21m tall, and the span of the sails is about the same size. It has seven floors. It was built around 1870 by the millwright[?] firm of Stolworthy.

At first, it was used to grind cement clinker. Later it was used as a windpump to drain the marshland. The large scoop wheel is evidence of that use. The pump was in use until 1951 and has since become a major tourist attraction, bringing life and prosperity to this remotest of Broadland locations.

Berney Marshes is a nature reserve in the care of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), and part of the Halvergate Marshes.

There is the Berney Arms public house; it serves Woodforde's Real Ale, brewed in Woodbastwick.

Berney Arms railway station is probably the most remote station in Norfolk. Trains only stop there on request. The station was opened in 1844 as part of the Yarmouth and Norwich Railway. Local landowner Thomas Trench Berney sold the land to the railway company on condition that a stop be provided in perpetuity. Nowadays the line is run by Wherry Lines Railways.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Grand Prix

... dumped 2003-03-17 with ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 33.4 ms