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Bernard Baruch

Bernard Mannes Baruch

American Financier and Presidential Adviser

Born: 1870-08-19 Camden, South Carolina, USA
Died: 1965-06-20 New York City, New York, USA
Age : 94 Years

Bernard Baruch advised American presidents on economic matters for over 40 years. These ranged from Woodrow Wilson to John F. Kennedy and in his later years Baruch was highly regarded as an elder statesman. He was described as a man of immense charm who enjoyed a larger-than-life reputation that matched his considerable fortune.

Bernard Baruch was born on Friday August 19, 1870 to Simon and Belle Baruch, the second of four sons, his father was a German immigrant who came to America in 1855 to avoid conscription in the Prussian army and become a field surgeon on the staff of Robert E. Lee for the Confederate army during the Civil War.

In 1881 the family moved to New York City.

In 1889 He graduated from the College of the City of New York.

His first job was as an office boy earning $3.00 a week.

He eventually became a broker and then a partner in the firm of A. Housman and Company. With his earnings and commissions he was eventually able to buy a seat on the New York Stock Exchange.

He amassed a fortune In stock market speculation before the age of 30.

In 1903 he had his own brokerage firm and gained the reputation of "The Lone Wolf on Wall Street" because of his refusal to join any other financial house.

By 1910 he had become one of Wall Street's financial leaders.

During World War I He advised President Woodrow Wilson on national defense and in 1918 he became the chairman of the War Industries Board.

After the war he was with President Wilson at the Versailles Peace Conference.

He was a member of the "Brain Trust" in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "New Deal"

As the "Storm Clouds" of World War II approached he proposed a number of economic measures including:

A pay-as-you-go tax plan
Rent ceilings
Stockpiling of Rubber and Tin
A synthetic Rubber program

After the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor he was called upon by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to help with the United States war effort.

He was offered the post of Treasury Secretary by President Franklin Roosevelt but he declined in favor of remaing in the role of an unofficial adviser.

In 1946 he was appointed the United States representative to the United Nations Energy Commission by President Harry S. Truman. On Friday June 14, 1946 he Presented the Baruch Plan to the UNAEC. This plan proposed international control of Atomic Energy.

He was an adviser on international issues until his death on Sunday June 20, 1965 in New York City at the age of 94.

His grave is at Flushing Cemetery , Flushing, Queens County, New York, USA

Latitude (40.7522) Longitude (-73.7994)

His Trademark:

Park Bench Statesman He was a high profile public figure and did his best thinking in the parks of Washington D.C (Lafayette Park) and in New York City (Central Park). He could always be seen discussing government affairs with other people while sitting on a park bench, this became his trademark. It was said that his office was a park bench near the White House.

In 1960 on his 90'th birthday a commemorative park bench in Lafayette park across from the White House was dedicated to him.

Miscellaneous Facts:

His Winter residence was his 17,500 Acre Hobcaw Barony on the Coast of South Carolina which was turned into a wildlife refuge after his death. At Hobcaw house he hosted world leaders such as Winston Churchill and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt who visited for a month in 1944 and other guests such as World War I General "Blackjack" Pershing and Mrs Woodrow Wilson.

Latitude (33.35) Longitude (-79.18)

Bibliography:

Mr. Baruch
By Margaret L. Coit
2000 - 698 Pages - ISBN 1587980215

Bernard M. Baruch: The Adventures of a Wall Street Legend
by James L. Grant
1997-1983 - 265 pages - ISBN 0471170755

The Speculator: Bernard M. Baruch in Washington, 1917 - 1965
By Jordan A. Schwartz
1981 - 679 Pages - ISBN 0807813966

Bernard Baruch: Portrait Of a Citizen
by William Lindsay White
1971-1950 - 155 Pages - ISBN 0837133483

Baruch: My Own Story
By Bernard M Baruch
1957-1996 - 2 Volumes - ISBN 156849095X

Bernard Baruch, Park Bench Statesman
by Carter Field
1944

Quotes:

"To me, old age is always fifteen years older than I am."

"We can't cross that bridge until we come to it, but I always like to lay down a pontoon ahead of time."

"Every man has a right to be wrong in his opinions. But no man has a right to be wrong about his facts."

"A speculator is a man who observes the future, and acts before it occurs."

"We did not all come over on the same ship, but we are all in the same boat."

"Don't try to buy at the bottom and sell at the top. It can't be done except by liars."

"I made my money by selling too soon."

Web Links:

Bernard Baruch Portrait http://www.lpitr.state.sc.us/baruch.htm

Bernard Baruch - Jewish Virtual Library http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/biography/baruch

Baruch Plan http://cnsdl.miis.edu/npt/npt_3/baruch/baruch.htm

Bernard Baruch Bench Of Inspiration http://www.nps.gov/whho/Statues/bernard_baruch_bench_of_inspirat.htm

Hobcaw Barony Wildlife Refuge http://www.hobcawbarony.com/



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