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Berenice was the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, wife of Antiochus II Theos of Syria, who, according to agreement with Ptolemy (249 BC), had divorced his wife Laodice and transferred the succession to Berenice's children.

On Ptolemy's death, Antiochus repudiated Berenice and took back Laodice, who, however, at once poisoned him and murdered Berenice and her son. The prophecy in Daniel xi. 6 seq. is believed to refer to these events.

This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.

Berenice is also the title of a tragedy by the French dramatist Jean Racine (1679).

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