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Battle of Nieuwpoort

The Battle of Nieuwpoort between the Dutch and the Spanish army took place on July 2, 1600 in the Belgian city Nieuwpoort.

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Contestants

Dutch army of about 10,000 men, led by Prince Maurits of Nassau. Spanish army of 8700 men, led by Albrecht, archduke of Austria.

Place

The small city of Nieuwpoort (Newport) in Belgium, along the coast.

Campaign

Against Maurits' better judgement, the Staten Generaal had ordered Maurits to take the army, march south along the coast, and burn the pirate nest of Dunkirk.

The Spanish intercepted Maurits' army, and cut off their retreat.

Forces

North flank:
Dutch : 4 guns, 650 english musketeers.
Spanish : 6 guns, 600 cavalry, 1400 infantry.

South flank:

Dutch: 1200 riders
Spanish: 1000 riders

Center:

Dutch: 9300 infantry
Spanish: 7300 infantry

The Spanish advantage in pikeman was about 2:1.

Battle description

Two days before a Dutch army had ran before the same Spanish tercio's almost without a fight. Maurits sent his ships to prevent a flight of the soldiers into the ships, and puts his army in a defensive position where the sun will shine in the eyes of the Spanish towards the end of the day, while the beach sand will blow into their eyes.

All afternoon the battle rages, until both sides are exhausted. Maurits has held 3 vendels of cavalry in reserve, which he commits and clear the beach. The Spanish army is defeated. Maurits fame spreads through Europe.

Conclusion

The battle achieved nothing, and the strategic lesson was that it was more advantage to siege and capture towns than to win battles.



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