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Ballarat is a small city in rural Victoria, Australia, approximately 120 kilometres north-west of Melbourne, with a population of 84,000 people.

It was founded in the early 1850s when gold was discovered there, and, with a huge influx of population and wealth, was for a time Victoria's largest city. The legacy of the wealth generated is still visible in a large number of fine stone buildings, many of which are classified by the National Trust of Australia[?].

Ballarat is notable as the site for Australia's only armed uprising, the Eureka Stockade. The site contains a historical park and a memorial to commemorate the event.

Today, Ballarat's major industries include tourism, food products, brick and tile manufacture, and information technology services.

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