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Bab

Siyyid[?] Mírzá 'Alí-Muhammad (October 20, 1819 - July 9, 1850), also known as the Báb ("Gate" in Arabic;, was seen by Bábís (and is seen by modern Bahá'ís[?]) to be an independent Manifestation of the Cause of God, or Prophet on par with Moses, Jesus, or Muhammad (though his claim was at first understood by some of the public at the time to be merely a reference to the Gate of the Hidden Imám[?] of Muhammad, which he publicly disclaimed, later boldly proclaiming himself, in the presence of the Heir to the Throne of Persia and other notables, to be the Promised One[?] or Qá'im[?] to Shí'ih Muslims). The Báb founded the Bábí religion which would become, in the days of Bahá'u'lláh and afterwards, the Bahá'í Faith. His titles included the "Herald of the Faith", the Point of the Bayan, and others.

He was born in Shiraz, Persia.

He is supposed to have been educated as a Shiite of the Shayki[?] branch.

On May 23, 1844, he proclaimed himself the Gate.

He died by firing squad in Tabriz[?], Persia (now Irán) and his shrine is on the side of Mt Carmel[?] in Haifa, Israel on the ninth terrace of the Baha'i Gardens.

The Báb is also accepted by members of a marginal dissident group, the Orthodox Bahai Faith.

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See also, Bahá'u'lláh, Bahá'í Faith, Bábí

Bibliography Persian Bayan, Kitáb-i-Asmá (The Book of Names), Dalá'il-i-Sab'ih (The Seven Proofs). Excerpts from these and others are printed in the only English language compilation of the Báb's writings, Selections from the Writings of the Báb

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