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Autonomy

Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else.

In Eastern Christianity, autonomy is the status of a hierarchical church whose head bishop is appointed by a higher-ranking bishop, often a patriarch, who has no other authority over the autonomous church. This status is one step short of autocephaly.

In politics, a self-governing city or region, e.g. Kurdistan or Kosovo (not necessarily as a result of formal secession), is autonomous. True autonomy is usually a pre-requisite to separation or secession, however, but autonomy does not necessarily lead to separation. Autonomy is not independence.

In computing, the peripheral that can be used with the computer turned off (like multifunctionals, to copy and fax), is autonomous.

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