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Ardeidae

Ardeidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family:Ardeidae
Genera
Ardea
Philherodias
Butorides
Ardeola
Bubulcus
Egretta
Agamia,
Tigrisoma
Tigriornis
Zonerodius
Zebrilus
Syrigma
Nycticorax
Gorsachius
Ixobrychus
Botaurus
The Ardeidae family of birds is the heron, egret and bittern family of wading birds.

The species in the Ardeidae which are named as bitterns tend to be the shorter necked, often more secretive members of this family. The herons are the longer-necked species.

The members of this family are all primarily associated with wetlands, and predate fish, frogs and other aquatic species. Some, like the Cattle Egret, also take large insects, and are less tied to watery environments.

A variety of techniques are used for hunting, and these are dealt with in the species' accounts.

Some members of this group nest colonially in trees, others, notably the bitterns, use reedbeds.

The heron family is one of the families in the order Ciconiiformes, which also includes other wading bird families:

  • Order Ciconiiformes
    • Family Cochlearidae, (Boatbill)
    • Family Ralaenicipitidae, (Shoebill)
    • Family Scopidae, (Hammerkop)
    • Family Ciconiidae, (storks)
    • Family Threskiornithidae, (ibises and spoonbills)
    • The flamingo family, Phoenicopteridae, is related, and is sometimes classed as part of the Ciconiiformes.
    • Family Ardeidae, (herons, egrets, and bitterns)
      • Ardea, typical herons
      • Philherodias, Capped Heron
      • Butorides, green herons
      • Ardeola, pond herons
      • Bubulcus, Cattle Egret[?]
      • Egretta, egrets
      • Agamia, Agami Heron
      • Tigrisoma, tiger-herons
      • Tigriornis, White-crested Tiger-Heron
      • Zonerodius, New Guinea Tiger-Heron
      • Zebrilus, Zigzag Heron
      • Syrigma, Whistling Heron
      • Nycticorax, night-herons
      • Gorsachius, eastern night herons
      • Ixobrychus, dwarf bitterns
      • Botaurus, typical bitterns



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