was preceded by Apollo 13
and followed by Apollo 15
Eighth manned mission in the Apollo program. Third mission to land on the moon.
- Launched: January 31, 1971
- Returned: February 9, 1971
- Crew members: Alan Shepard, commander; Stuart Roosa[?], command module pilot; Edgar Mitchell[?], lunar module pilot.
- Command module: Kitty Hawk
- Lunar module: Antares
- Landed: February 5, 1971
- Lunar landing site: 3.7 S, 17.5 W -- Fra Mauro highlands
- On surface: 1 day 9.5 hours
- Lunar EVA: 9.2 hours (4.7 + 4.5)
- Samples: 43 kg
- Shepard smuggled a makeshift six-iron golf club and two golf balls to the moon, and took several swings. He claimed the second ball went "miles and miles and miles" in the lunar gravity, but later estimated it actually went 200-400 yards (meters).
- Mitchell conducted some unauthorized extra-sensory perception experiments while en route to the Moon, with friends back on Earth; the number of correct guesses were reportedly less than would have been obtained by random chance.
- Shepard and Mitchell used a wheeled cart to transport samples. They hiked to the rim of a large nearby crater, but were unable to distinguish landmarks easily and turned back without seeing the crater itself.
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