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Annam (安南) literal meaning "Pacified South," is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan. Known locally as Trung Bo (中圻), meaning "Central Boundary", it was formerly a kingdom with its capital at Hue[?]. It had been seized by the French by 1884.

The other three Vietnames regions that were first under the Chinese Empire, then the French after the Franco-Chinese War, are Cochin China and Tonkin.

The earliest printed book of Vietname was published in 1333, The Concise Records of Annam (《安南志略》), written by Li Ce (黎崱 li4 ce4). It has 20 volumes.

The name gave rise to the Annamitic Chain (la Chaîne Annamitique), also translated as Cordillera, Ridge, Mountains, a 1100-km with a height of 2958 metres, that divides Vietnam and Laos.

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