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Anna I of Russia

Anna Ivanovna (February 7, 1693-October 28, 1740) or Anna Iannovna Romanov was married to Fredrick William, Duke of Courland in November 1710. On the return trip from Saint Petersburg in January 1711 her husband died. Anna continued ruling as duchess of Courland (now southern Latvia).

Domestic policies

She was the daughter of Ivan V of Russia, as well as the niece of Peter the Great. On the death of Peter II of Russia, at the time the current Emperor of Russia, the supreme privy council made Anna the Empress in 1730. They had hoped that she would be a figurehead at best, and malleable at worst, and convinced her to sign articles that limited her power. However, these proved of minor inconvenience to her, and soon she had re-established herself as the autocratic ruler, using her popularity with the imperial guards and lesser nobility. One of her first acts to consolidate this power was in restoring the security police which she used to intimidate and terrorize those who opposed her and her policies.

Foreign policies

Having a distrust of Russian nobles, she kept them from powerful positions, instead giving those to Baltic Germans. Ernst Johann von Biron was her most favored and was able to influence her policies. She allied with Charles VI, the Holy Roman Emperor at the time, and committed Russia during the War of Polish Succession[?] (1733-1735). Afterwards, she made Augustus III the king of Poland. In 1736 she attacked Turkey, but Charles made a separate peace with Turkey, forcing Russia to do so as well, giving up all recently captured territories with the exception of Azov. Her reign began the Russian capture of territories in central Asia.

Preceded by:
Peter II
List of Russian Tsars Succeeded by:
Ivan VI

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