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Alfonso V of Portugal

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Alphonso V, "Africano," (1432? - 1481), King of Portugal after succeeding his father Duarte[?] Edward in 1438?.

During his minority he was placed under the regency, first of his mother and later his uncle, Dom Pedro. In 1448 he assumed the reins of government and at the same time married Isabella, Dom Pedro's daughter. In the following year, being led by what he afterwards discovered to be false representations, he declared Dom Pedro a rebel and defeated his army in the battle of Alfarrobeira[?], in which his uncle was killed.

In 1458, and with more numerous forces in 1471, he invaded the territories of the Moors in Africa and by his successes there acquired his surname of "the African." On his return to Portugal in 1475 his ambition led him into Castile, where two princesses were disputing his succession to the throne. Having been affianced to the Princess Juana, Alphonso caused himself to be proclaimed king of Castile and Leon; but in the following year he was defeated at Toro[?] by Ferdinand, the husband of Isabella of Castile. He went to France to obtain the assistance of Louis XI., but finding himself deceived by the French monarch, he abdicated in favour of his son John.

When he returned to Portugal, however, he was compelled by his son to resume the sceptre, which he continued to wield for two years longer. After that he fell into a deep melancholy and retired into a monastery at Cintra[?], where he died in 1481.

See also: Portuguese monarchs, Alfonso d'Albuquerque (contemporary Portuguese naval general)

Preceded by:
D. Duarte
List of Portuguese monarchs Succeeded by:
D. João II

Initial text from 1911 encyclopedia -- Please update as needed



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