The
Allan variance is a measurement of accuracy in
clocks. It is defined as one half of the
time average over the sum of the squares of the differences between successive readings of the
frequency deviation sampled over the sampling period. For most real-world systems, the Allen variance depends on the time period used between samples: therefore it is a function of the sample period, as well as the distribution being measured.
Note: The Allan variance is conventionally expressed by σ_{y}^{2}(τ) . The samples are taken with no dead-time between them. Synonym two-sample variance.
Note: a low Allan variance is a characteristic of a clock with good stability over the measured period.
Source: from Federal Standard 1037C
See also:
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