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Albert Spalding

Baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer.

Full name: Albert Goodwill Spalding.
Born: September 2, 1850, Byron, Illinois
Died: September 9, 1915, Point Loma, California
Gravesite: (place)

Having played baseball throughout his youth, Spalding first played competitively with the Rockford Pioneers, a youth team, whom he joined in 1865. After pitching his team to a 26-2 victory over a local men's amateur team (the Mercantiles), he was approached by another, the Forest Citys, for whom he played for two years. In the autumn of 1867 he was accepted a $40 per week contract, nominally as a clerk, but really to play professionally for the Chicago Excelsiors, a not uncommon arrangement contrary to the rules of the time. Following the formation of the first professional association in 1871, Spalding joined the Boston Red Stockings (a different club to the modern Red Sox), joining the Chicago White Stockings for his final season in 1876, winning 47 games as the club captured the inaugural National League pennant.

Retired from the game, he and his brother opened a sporting goods store in Chicago, obtaining the rights to produce the official National League ball. The business, which grew rapidly over the next 25 years, with 14 stores by 1901, expanded from retail into manufacturing baseball equipment and is still a going concern. In 1900 Spalding was appointed by President McKinley as the USA's Commissioner at that year's Summer Olympic Games. Seven years later, his prompting would lead to the founding of the commission that (erroneously) declared baseball to be the invention of Abner Doubleday.

Receiving the archives of the late Henry Chadwick in 1908, Spalding combined these records with his own memories (and biases) to write "Americas National Game" (published 1911) which, despite its flaws, was probably the first scholarly account of the history of baseball.

He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veteran's Committee in 1939.

See: Spalding's page at the Hall Of Fame (http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/hofers_and_honorees/hofer_bios/spalding_al.htm)
Official webpage of Spalding's company (http://www.spalding.com)

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