Encyclopedia > AGM-88 HARM

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The AGM-88 High-Speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM) is an air-to-surface tactical missile designed to seek out and destroy enemy radar-equipped air defense systems.

The AGM-88 can detect, attack and destroy a target with minimum aircrew input. The proportional guidance system that homes in on enemy radar emissions has a fixed antenna and seeker head in the missile's nose. A smokeless, solid-propellant, dual-thrust rocket motor propels the missile.

The HARM missile was approved for full production in March 1983. It proved effective against Libyan targets in the Gulf of Sidra[?] in 1986, and was used extensively by the Navy and the Air Force in Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

General Characteristics:

  • Primary Function: Air-to-surface anti-radiation missile; attack and destroy hostile radar installations.
  • Contractor: Raytheon
  • Power Plant: Thiokol dual-thrust, solid propellant, rocket motor
  • Length: 4.1 meters (13 feet, 8 inches)
  • Launch Weight: 360 kilograms (800 pounds)
  • Diameter: 25.4 centimeters (10 inches)
  • Wing Span: 1.1 meters (3 feet, 8 inches)
  • Range: 90+ kilometers (80+ statute miles, 57+ nautical miles)
  • Speed: 340 m/s (760+ mph)
  • Guidance: radar homing
  • Warhead: Blast fragmentation; warhead weight 68 kg (150 pounds)
  • Unit Cost: US$284,000
  • Date Deployed: 1985

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