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Aegadian Islands

The Aegadian islands (Italian Isole Egati; Latin Aegales Insulae), are a group of small mountainous islands off the north western coast of Sicily.

Favignana[?] (Aegusa), the largest, lies 10 miles south west of Trapani; Levanzo[?] (Phorbantia) 8 miles west; while Marettimo[?], the ancient iera nesos, 15 miles west of Trapani, is now reckoned as a part of the group. There are also some minor islands between Favignana and Sicily.

The overall population in 1987 was estimated at about 5,000. The main occupation of the islanders is fishing and this is where the largest tuna fishery in Sicily can be found.

There is evidence of Neolithic and even Paleolithic paintings in caves on Favigana and on Levanzo.

They are the scene of the defeat of the Carthaginian fleet by C. Lutatius Catulus[?] in 241 BC, which ended the First Punic War.

They belonged to the Pallavicini family of Genoa until 1874, when they were bought by Signor Florio of Palermo.

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