Encyclopedia > Acropolis

  Article Content

Acropolis


Acropolis in Athens (large version)

Acropolis (Gr. akros, top, polis, city), literally the upper part of a town. For purposes of defence early settlers naturally chose elevated ground, frequently a hill with precipitous sides, and these early citadels became in many parts of the world the nuclei of large cities which grew up on the surrounding lower ground.

The word Acropolis, though Greek in origin and associated primarily with Greek towns (Athens, Argos, Thebes, and Corinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels (Rome, Jerusalem, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Hill at Edinburgh).

The most famous is that of Athens, which, by reason of its historical associations and the famous buildings erected upon it, is generally known without qualification as the Acropolis.

See: Athenian Acropolis



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Bullying

... with absolute governmental power, from the Greek language turannos. In Classical Antiquity[?] it did not always have inherently negative implications, it merely ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 31.7 ms